For many African Americans, religion was not only a source of comfort, but a way to assert pride in themselves and to fight against the racism in America in the late 19th and 20th century.
For many Black Nationalists, the desire to return to Africa, or to create an all black world was an important part of their religious beliefs and life. This course will explore the various people, beliefs and groups who embraced black Nationalist thought, from Marcus Garvey to Malcolm X.
Anthea D. Butler [click to view bio]
Associate Professor of Religious Studies and Africana Studies